tv CBS News Sunday Morning CBS March 11, 2012 9:00am-10:30am EDT
captioning made possible by johnson & johnson, where quality products for the american family have been a tradition for generations >> osgood: good morning. i'm charles osgood and this is sunday morning. the people of japan today marked the first anniversary of the disastrous earthquake and tsunami that triggered the fukushima nuclear meltdown. with bill whitaker this morning we'll look back on the quake and address its after math. and then it's on to an
overnight development entirely predictable but much closer to home. we advanced our clocks an hour for daylight saving time which for most of us means an hour of sleep lost. an hour of lost sleep you can add to the countless others we accumulate. hours of lost sleep can take a toll, which is why we'll be hearing some learned pillow talk this morning from barry petersen. >> reporter: sleep. most adults get too little, causing big problems. >> it's associated with cardiovascular disease, diabetes, mood. >> reporter: chemical changes whet the appetite and trigger obesity. >> you think you're still hungry. you're craving high-fat high carb foods. >> reporter: teenagers' grades suffer. >> students were actually still asleep during their zero and first period classes. >> reporter: sleep. wake up to surprising facts coming up on sunday morning. >> osgood: the world of pain we'll be telling you about is no mere figure of speech.
it's a terrible reality for sick and suffering people almost everywhere overseas. bob simon will show us why. >> reporter: for almost 200 years, morphine has been a good send for people in pain, at least for those who can get it. so where is it a problem? >> 80% of the world population lives in countries where morphine is not available at all. or hardly available. >> get the syringe and draw. >> reporter: a new push to end an epidemic of pain later on sunday morning. >> osgood: aretha is a much loved singer for whom no last name is needed. there's only one. after many long years in the business she's still going strong and talking about it this morning with our anthony mason. ♪ what you are ♪. >> reporter: hard to believe but aretha franklin is about to celebrate her 70th birthday. ♪ baby
>> reporter: this is a young you. >> yeah, i'm still young. this is my favorite picture of myself. >> reporter: later on sunday morning, we head to detroit and go to the church where it all started for the queen of soul. >> osgood: a dress rehearsal is the usual drill for everyone who performs on stage, including those who take part in the distinctly unusual performances our mo rocca will be taking us to. >> reporter: harvard is known for its high academic standards, but studying all the time? that's a total drag. this is harvard university's 164th annual hasty pudding show where the men are men, and also women. >> i come to the theater.... >> reporter: and put on fake boobs. >> and put on fake boobs. >> reporter: later on sunday morning, an ivy league tradition that sure has legs.
>> osgood: seth doane reports on prince harry's south american trip. faith saily takes us into the world of die ram as. steve hartman races to keep up with a low budget candidate and more. but first the headlines for this sunday morning the 11th of march, 2012. in afghanistan a u.s. soldier is in custody after allegedly shooting a number of civilians in a remote village. there are reports that at least 15 people are dead. mandy clark has the latest. >> reporter: the american soldier walked off a remote base in khandahar province this morning at dawn and went house to house shooting villagers. a number of civilians were killed and wounded in the attack. the u.s. soldier has been detained. an investigation is ongoing. but the timing of the attacks could not have been worse. last month afghans held mass protests against american troops after u.s. soldiers mistakenly burned copies of the koran. six americans were killed in retaliation. and the worry is how the
afghan public will react to this latest attack. charles? >> osgood: thank you, mandy clark in kabul. u.n. envoy kofi annan today met again with syria's president assad in damascus even as annan pushes for talks to end the country's year-long insurgency syrian troops continue their assaults on towns considered opposition strongholds. in republican caucuses yesterday mitt romney captured most of the delegates in wyoming while rick santorum won in kansas. up next, tuesday's primaries in alabama and mississippi. the road to the final four begins today. this is selection sunday when the ncaa chooses the field for its college basketball tournament. the brackets will be announced on cbs starting at 6:00 eastern. and for those following the saga of that massive bolder being transported to the los angeles county museum of art, it has arrived. crowds turned out to see the
340-ton hunk of granite make the last leg of the journey to its new home, the place in the museum's permanent collection. even in art it seems, rock rules. now today's forecast. a chilly morning will give way to a mild afternoon in the east. and lots of rain elsewhere. more warm weather is expected in the days ahead. the fact that you are watching us helps prove a point sub lime. you clearly turned your clocks ahead
>> osgood: it was exactly one year ago today that japan was struck by a disastrous earthquake and tsunami and a nuclear meltdown followed. one year later we've asked our bill whitaker to take stock. >> reporter: all along japan's northern coast, it's shocking to see the vast stretches of emptiness, a lifeless moon scape dotted with mountains of debris. the only activity: these mechanical arms building these heaps higher and higher. so much nothingness one can't help but wonder what's been accomplished over the past year until you remember how this all began.
the magnitude 9 earthquake, the worst ever recorded in japan might end up a footnote compare to the black tide it triggered. the tsunami swept in off the pacific and then laid waste to everything in its path. a coast line of cities and towns, factories and farms washed away in an instant. almost 20,000 people died or still are missing. so much death and destruction it took this country-- this economic and technological giant-- a whole year to achieve what today looks like nothing. >> there is so much debris there, but it exceeds the capacity of these communities to get rid of it, to
incinerate it, to dump it. it has to go somewhere else. other communities around japan have not been raising their hands saying, yes, we will take it. >> reporter: jeff kingston teaches japanese history at temple university, japan. >> there are vague concerns about radiation, about asbestos. people are just not sure, and so because there's these large piles of debris still there a year later, reconstruction can't happen. >> reporter: the tsunami left a scar on the land and on japan's soul. every day for the past year at 2:46 the time of the earthquake, this man goes to the place where the waves took her husband. she leaves his favorite sake and flowers. the couple met in first grade and thought they'd die together. without him, she feels as though she has died.
>> time has stopped for her, she said. she will never be cheered up. that's what she comes to tell her husband every day, that and that she loves him. if there was an epicenter to the tsunami horror, it would be here. crews still search for 533 missing people. 3,182 died here, more than any other single place. and no single place in this small city saw more death than the okawa elementary school. it's now a shrine. people come daily, moved by the story of students who followed school guidelines and went outside to be safe from aftershocks. they were all lined up out here when the tsunami struck. it carried 74 children and 10 teachers to their deaths. a hill where they could have
sought safety is right behind the school. this woman's 12-year-old daughter died at this school. "every day we touch cheeks" the mother told us. her youngest was the glue that held the family together. one year later, the mother is full of paint and haunted by questions. "was she scared? was she waiting for me? did she wear her jacket to keep warm?" and the question that leaves her bitter, "why did the school not protect her?" when angry parents confronted school officials, you can see on this home video the one teacher who survived the tsunami bowed his head in shame. for many japanese it's hard not to be angry at this.
the ferocious force of the earth unleashed a more fearsome one, a series of horrific events at the fukushima dai-ichi nuclear plant. officials say the facility now is under control, but just last month we learned it came closer to total meltdown than anyone knew except for a handful of government and company officials. >> things have changed dramatically in how people view the government, trust in the powers-that-be has eroded dramatically. this is unusual in japan. >> reporter: the japanese government has launched a $235 billion five-year project to reconstruct this coast line. but no one who has seen this and certainly no one who lives here can believe that is nearly enough money or enough time to bring this region back. japan's recovery is too daunting, too immense for any one person to do much about.
but individual japanese are having a big impact with little acts of kindness. this man is one of a group of doll makers making dolls for parents who have lost children in the tsunami. after the harsh winter comes spring, he told us. you don't suffer the harsh winter forever. spring will arrive. wait for that day with this doll. this mother got one of the dolls. her daughter loved spring when the cherry blossoms bloomed. but the mom can't see that promising future yet. her eyes are too filled with tears. >> don't you know who i am? >> yes, you're a murderer. >> osgood: next, the case of the tv lawyer.
the self taught california lawyer, gardner wrote crime stories on the side. in 1933, he created a lawyer named perry mason. in 1957, the definitive perry mason tv series debuted here on cbs with raymond burr in the title role. >> what are you doing here, mason? >> just passing. >> osgood: week after week perry mason took on seemingly unwinnable murder cases, cases that ended with mason's last- minute discovery of evidence.... >> did you ever see this before? >> osgood:... that led the real killer to make a dramatic courtroom confession. >> what else could i do but kill her? >> osgood: early stanley gardner shows no sympathy to the district attorney. >> i certainly wouldn't want to let hamilton burg erwin a case by having an innocent person convicted. >> reporter: the series ran for nine seasons, and 271
episodes. with gardner himself playing the role of the judge in the series finale. "the case of the final fadeout." >> court stands adjourned until 2:00 this afternoon. >> reporter: and though early stanley gardner and raymond burr are both long gone now, perry mason lives on in reruns. >> you mentioned perry mason. >> reporter: he even made it to the united states senate in 2009 when senator al franken challenged supreme court nominee and confessed perry mason fan to name the one case perry mason lost. >> you don't remember that case? >> i know i should remember the name of it but i haven't looked at the episodes. >> didn't the white house prepare you for this? >> i'm sorry your first experience in my court was a losing one. >> osgood: in fact, mason lost three tv cases, though with extenuating circumstances to blame each time. as to whether earl stanley gardner created a courtroom hero who has stood the test of time, the verdict is unquestionable.
guilty as charged. next.... >> there's a preserved special min... specimen. >> osgood: another dimension. >> it's enlarged about 12 times. welcome to business as usual on the ibm smart cloud. a small lab in berlin is using supercomputing to fight cancer. an industrial city in china is becoming a high-tech hub in under four years. britain's building a smart grid to help cut emissions by 80%. even an independent studio in malaysia can produce big-time blockbusters. transforming business through the cloud. that's what i'm working on. i'm an ibmer. let's build a smarter planet.
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>> reporter: if you're standing under this.... >> that's a big whale. >> reporter:... you may not realize you're looking at art. >> when you actually see it in real life, you're like, whoa, that is not what i saw in the book. >> reporter: and that's the art of mr. chase. >> we did it in seven pieces but this is 50-foot long. it's so large you can walk on the inside of this thing without even ducking your head. >> reporter: this whale of a diorama took two weeks to install in the ocean hall of the smithsonian's national museum of natural history in washington d.c. >> you go under it and it looks like it's going to just plop on to you and you're going to be stuck. >> reporter: it was spawned a thousand miles away at chase studios in cedar creek, missouri. >> this is actually a living whale that we recon strucked called phoenix. >> reporter: but how did you
copy phoenix? she couldn't hold still for you to make a mold. >> phoenix has been photographed over and over again from all angles. we had to copy every little detail you can imagine that the smithsonian is very picky about every little detail. >> reporter: chase's eye for detail comes from training both as a scientist and an artist. he opened his studio here in the ozarks in 1973. wow! >> this is our mural area. >> reporter: he's created a kind of willie wonka like factory of nature. >> i always advertise that chase studios is a magical place. we have collections of everything. >> reporter: at the studio, he's amassed one of the largest private collections of natural history artifacts on earth. >> we have all kinds of preserved samples. watch what happens when you put the black light on it. >> reporter: it all began for him as a child. >> i used to build these
safaris. i'd take all the neighborhood kids through for 5 cents. we'd build these giraffes out of papier-mache and build all these sets. i'm suddenly realizing, god, i'm doing the same thing today as i did when i was in the grade school. >> reporter: you might say chase's art makes him the most viewed artist in the country. if not the world. his work is displayed in hundreds of museums and institutions across the globe. but these aren't your mother's dioramas. >> they've actually done studies, watched people's reactions. they timed the amount of time they spend in front of each one of these dioramas. it's about 3.5 seconds. >> reporter: to keep up with shrinking attention spans the team makes the dioramas amazingly life like. though here all is not always what it seemed. >> the spines are made out of wires.
>> reporter: wood is welded out of steel. >> you won't be able to tell where the real thing ends and the painting begins. >> reporter: light is painted on canvas. >> these are the actual fiberglass unpainted pieces. >> reporter: and turtle shells are molded out of plastic. these dioramas are dynamic. attractive, inter-active and almost always larger than life. take this cray fish. >> we've blown it up. actually it's enlarged about 12 times. we're putting these brighter colors on so that when we put those washes on some of these brighter colors will shine through and give it the luminosity that makes it look real. >> reporter: why is it so important to you to get those details that no one else would think about? >> it's just a challenge, for one, but it's part of my passion to make everything as perfect as i can absolutely make it. >> reporter: plants, birds.
in his 40 years at work making museum exhibits, kerry chase has developed an astonishing attention to detail. his work even captures nature's imperfections. >> there is a tear in the lip where she was caught in a fishing net. we had to reproduce that same scar that's on her lip. >> reporter: how do you feel about millions of americans and people all over the world stand underneath something you created and are awed by it? >> i just hope it doesn't fall on them. (laughing) >> osgood: ahead, easing the pain. but first, rest easy.
>> osgood: if you happen to sleep in on this first day of daylight saving time, good morning, welcome to sunday morning. sleep or lack of it is the eye open subject of barry petersen's report this morning. >> reporter: in the original story sleeping beauty was out of it for a hundred years. rip van winkle dozed for a mere 20. while in ground hog day sleep meant waking up to the same day over and over.
>> what the hell. >> reporter: we might envy hollywood having fun with sleep because most of us don't. sleep experts tell us adults need 7-9 hours a day but one third of all americans are getting less than that. and scientists see a dangerous down side. unless you happen to be among the lucky few who seem perfectly cast for our frantic e-mail, cell phone, ipad instant messaging sleep deprive world. this researcher was altering the genes of lab rats to study their sleep habits. she reached out to ordinary people to see how they compare, she discovered a whole new class of what she calls short sleepers. >> they function very well with 4-6 hours of sleep. >> reporter: george halprin who sleeps only four hours a night is is one of them. he goes to bed at midnight or later and wakes up early to
work with fellow scientists in asia and europe. >> this is a wonderful opportunity to go to my office and to start working with the people who are awake in their office in the lab when it's 5:00 in the morning right here. >> reporter: scientists think history is full of short sleepers from ben franklin to bill clinton. they have very distinct, very good for them personalities. >> they're very energetic. very optimistic. they are resistant to failure. many of them are very successful. >> reporter: again short sleepers are rare. perhaps 1% of us or less. and that doesn't include people who sleep fewer hours during the week and then sleep in on weekends to catch up. they aren't short sleepers. they're just sleep deprived. and sleep deprivation, says new research is a root of a lot of bad news for our bodies.
>> it's associated with cardiovascular disease, diabetes, mood. >> reporter: dr. nate watson is co-director of the university of washington sleep center in seattle. he says the metabolism of sleep deprivation makes it every dieters' nightmare. >> when you sleep less, genetic factors that are associated with obesity seem to be turned on. for instance, there's a hormone called leptin which is released from fat cells that tells your body that you're full. when you've eaten. that hormone level goes down when you're sleep deprived. you think you're still hungry, craving high-fat high-carb foods. >> reporter: kent and kevin wilson are identical twins in watson's study. using twins means the genetics are the same so weight change comes from other factors like lack of sleep. both get 5.5 hour of sleep at night and tip the scales in the high 300s.
their lives are crammed with their involvement in church, taking kids to drill practice, making time for wives and family. so like many of us they make sleep a low priority. >> can't do it right now because of the busy schedule. family, work. school. and church. >> reporter: and sleep comes last on that list? sleep wasn't even on that list. but early in their lives, they toured with rap artist emcee hammer. so whether the travel and being rested for each night's performance they skipped the party hardy life and set a pretty dull routine. >> whether on the bus or in the hotels we slept probably 10-12 hours a day until show time. we wanted to make sure we gave the audience our best. we actually slept more as an entertainer. >> reporter: did you weigh less? >> yeah, i did. i did. >> good to see you.
>> reporter: larry mclean also turned to dr. watson for help when he hit 250 pounds. dr. watson got larry sleeping eight hours a night. >> my bedroom is the place where i go to sleep. at night light candles, make the bedroom a peaceful place but also eliminated any electronics, no televisions, no stereo. nothing. >> reporter: all that stuff in your bedroom is out. >> it's gone. >> reporter: the truth is, sound sleep requires no artificial ingredients. and when you mess with a restful night, you're messing with success. just ask the sleep doctor and his beloved seattle seahawks. when they travel east that three-hour time difference disrupts their internal time clocks. >> when the kick-off happens in giants stadium it's it's going to feel like 10:00 a.m. for the seahawk players. they're not going to be premiered mentally, physically. they're going to feel off their game a little bit. as a result they might start slow, not perform up to their
standards and that's going to put them at a disadvantage. >> reporter: and what a disadvantage. nine straight away losses to east coast teams since december 2007 until their first win this past season. the stanford university basketball team helped researchers prove that adding sleep adds points. players who got by on less than seven hours a night were told to sleep for 10. the results: a 9% increase in both free throw accuracy and making three-point baskets. a researcher at the stanford sleep disorder clinic ran the study. >> nobody that i know talks about this part of the equation. >> very little research in the specific relationship between sleep and athletic performance or how your body clock impacts performance in athletes. >> reporter: and not just athletes. your average high school teenager needs about nine hours of sleep. but most schools open early.
>> we start at 7:45 in the morning. what we realize is that the students were actually still asleep during their zero fpb ars period classes. the traditional high school schedule really goes against their biological clock. >> reporter: so principal matthew zeto of california's medlow atherton high school decided it was time to let his students sleep in. >> by starting at 8:45 or 9:30 we have a lot of our students getting an extra hour, 90 minutes, even two hours of sleep. >> reporter: that means students are more awake and better able to get a's instead of b's or c's. but what about the most important question? how much sleep do you need? dr. watson has a way each of us can figure it out. >> next time you're on vacation, sleep as much as you can. go to bed when you're tired. wake up spontaneously when you're rested. then at the end of that vacation measure how long that
time is. that's how much time you need to sleep. >> reporter: and a chance to dream of waking up tomorrow rested and rarin' to go. hershey's drops. a lot of hershey's happiness in little drops of milk chocolate. and cookies n creme. pure hershey's. but when she got asthma, all i could do was worry ! specialists, lots of doctors, lots of advice... and my hands were full. i couldn't sort through it all.
with unitedhealthcare, it's different. we have access to great specialists, and our pediatrician gets all the information. everyone works as a team. and i only need to talk to one person about her care. we're more than 78,000 people looking out for 70 million americans. that's health in numbers. unitedhealthcare. so, i get claritin clear. non-drowsy claritin relieves my worst symptoms. and only claritin is proven to keep me as alert and focused as someone without allergies.
whoa ! watch your step ! thanks ! live claritin clear. three words dad, e-trade financial consultants. they'll hook you up with a solid plan. wa-- wa-- wait a minute; bobby? bobby! what are you doing man? i'm speed dating! [ male announcer ] get investing advice for your family at e-trade. >> osgood: for most people in the developed world pain killers for disease or recovery from surgery are just a prescription away. the rest of the world live quite literally in a world of pain. bob simon of "60 minutes" teamed up with students from the university of british columbia's international reporting program to see firsthand how one country is trying to ease the pain. >> reporter: in a small village in southern uganda outside a town called emberara,
this is the house of a woman where an infection has disfigured her feet and the pain would be completely debilitating if it wasn't for this red liquid the nurses just delivered to her. >> get the syringe and draw. >> reporter: it's the same stuff that's delivered through i.v.pumps in american hospitals. morphine. but here it's taken by mouth and it comes in recycled water bottles. morphine is also what helped this man. . patrick subwin. he used to be a fisherman. but now he's confined to his shack because he has aids and the rash that often accompanies the infection. the health care worker has been taking care of patrick for months, bringing him morphine. >> was patrick able to walk before he had morphine? >> no. they brought him in a wheelchair. after like two weeks on
morphine, he started walking. >> reporter: that may sound unremarkable. but in uganda and many other countries it's nothing short of a miracle. the fact is 80% of the world's population lives in countries with little or no access to morphine. that's roughly five billion people making due with just 5% of the global supply. compare that with a handful of wealthy nations, including the u.s., with just 5% of the world's population. they consume 95% of the morphine. (crying) >> reporter: which means for millions scenes like this are all too common. these are images the student journalists from the university of british columbia filmed during another reporting trip to india for morphine, which is hard to
get. >> i've spoken to many patients who told me that they wanted to commit suicide because the pain was simply unbearable. >> reporter: this man is a senior researcher with human rights watch, an international organization widely known for fighting torture, among other things, which has recently taken up the issue of global pain. it's quite a leap from campaigning about torture to campaigning about a drug like morphine. >> when we started working on this i was actually struck by the parallels you see in the testimony you get from kind of your traditional torture victim and someone who has cancer pain that is not relieved. your typical torture victim will sign a confession. and the torture ends. the patient with pain doesn't have that option. >> reporter: surprisingly, he says the shortage isn't about money. morphine is easy to produce and it's cheap.
just pennies a dose. the problem is where it comes from. here, the same kind of popy field that produces morphine's illicit kous an heroin. >> many countries have become so jealous in trying to limit access to controlled substances that their regulations have started interfering with the availability of these substances for medical purposes. you could call them collateral damage of the war on drugs. >> reporter: people are suffering terribly because of this? >> essentially, yes. >> you know, it's a god-given answer to pain. but we've abused it. so the people are still in pain. >> reporter: this woman is working to cut through the bureaucracy and get morphine to the people who need it. she's a doctor and former nun from liverpool who came to uganda as a medical missionary two decades ago and said she
simply wouldn't stand for what she saw. >> the patients with terrible diseases, terrible cancers. all they had was the strongest they had was codeine and usually not that because you couldn't afford it. >> reporter: she campaigned for laws making access to morphine a basic right. but there was still the challenge of how to get prescriptions for this controlled narcotic written in a country with very few doctors. >> the laws are so rigid that access to morphine was impossible. >> reporter: the doctor, a long-time ugandan health ministry official worked with the other doctor to help come up with a creative solution around the doctor shortage. >> we convinced the government that their tasks to amend the law >> that was a big thing. we were the first country to get that allowed, yeah. in the world.
>> reporter: now specialized nurses in uganda are trained on how to diagnose which patients need morphine and how to administer the drug. helen is one of close to 100 nurses and clinicians who have been trained so far. she makes half a dozen visits a day to patients in their homes which often are hidden deep inside slums like this one. jack lean has cancer. she takes four doses of the morphine liquid every day. >> now that she has the morphine the pain is limited. just today it was much better. she managed to clean the house and watch some clothes. >> reporter: perhaps the most stark medical transformation is evidence here as the country's only hospital burn unit. just listen. not a peep. not a single cry of pain.
>> the reality is without morphine there is a limit to how much you can really support somebody who is in severe physical pain. >> reporter: this doctor is the first head of care at the hospital. she took us around to meet some of the patients. patients like richard who just days before was badly burned in a house fire. >> the burn causes a very severe pain problem and particularly somebody like richard with burns affecting a large part of his body the pain will be very bad. what we're doing is bringing hope and we're bringing relief, and we're bringing a very human to human sense of compassion and care. >> reporter: compassion and care are being handed out along with the morphine. this nurse heard about a sick man who was homeless sleeping in the bush, abandoned by his family. >> they thought he was
contagious. no one wished to be with him. >> reporter: betty gave him morphine but she also collected money to build the man this mud hut. it turned out that the patient had advanced cancer. >> he was taking two meals up to four hours and then four meals at 90. >> reporter: when betty is not around the only one left to administer the medicine is his young son fred. >> is fred the only one that's caring for him? >> he's the only one. he's the only child that he has. >> reporter: the night after the students met the man and his son, the father died. the women of the village came out to wrap the body and prepare it for a traditional burial. ♪
thanks to morphine, fred didn't have to see his father suffer in his final moments, a small victory in the war on pain which a person from human rights watch hopes is just one of many yet to come. >> a government that is willing to make rational changes to its drug regulations can actually make a tremendous amount of progress without necessarily investing in an enormous amount of money. someone who is dying of cancer should not have to unnecessarily suffer from severe pain. we all agree on that. >>
members of the acting company our mo rocca will now show us at his alma mater. >> well, leapin' laser beams. that ancient prophecy was true. the world is ending. >> reporter: in the new musical "there will be flood," a rag tag group of futuristic time travelers, including a cyborg politician named tron mccain, journeys to the distant past where they meet among others a sex starved lady dinosaur and a biblical prophet named "i say a little prayer." >> the lord sayeth that all new born males must cut the... oh, boy. >> reporter: it's all in the hopes of avoiding an apock chrips foretold by an evil mayan diety named, what else,
poco-lips. >> when i draw the blood open wide, there will be blood. >> reporter: if you think the plot sounds a little off, take a look at the women on stage. this is the 164th annual hasty pudding show where all the actors are men, students at harvard university. do any of you, when you applied to harvard expect to be doing this when you got here? >> no, absolutely not. >> reporter: brandon ortiz, ethan hardy and ben mosque perform in the show. matt whitaker doesn't but along with the other three wrote it. >> this is where i go to have fun, you know, dressing up in drag with my best friends and doing a very strenuous kick line. that's my fun time. then during the day is when i read henry james and, you know, talk about his views on the american identity. then that is done. at 7:00 i come to the theater
>> reporter: and put on fake boobs. >> ...and put on fake boobs and paint my face. it's the best part of my day. >> reporter: ortiz, who is studying linguistics and speaks seven languages, plays eve-olution. >> i'm an evolved creature just like any other average joe. >> reporter: when you're standing there like this do you ever think this is really weird? >> i've never thought that before but now that i think about it, this is really weird that we're all doing this. >> reporter: weird perhaps. definitely silly. and very hard work. while maintaining majors in the likes of economics, philosophy and neuro biology, the cast and crew stage more than 40 performances on a box office generated budget of close to a quarter million dollars. it's a major undertaking, overseen by putting president
james fitzpatrick and the producers. do you sometimes look at these guys in drag and say, oh, my god, you've got that totally wrong. what are you think something. >> they actually do a great job. >> they play their roles very well. i think by the end of the run they can walk in heels better than either of us. >> reporter: with a harvard education costing in excess of $50,000 a year, you might be wondering what some of their parents think. >> they think it's actually one of the best things i could have done coming to harvard. they know it's a real-life experience i couldn't have gotten anywhere else. >> it's hard to explain to anyone's parents what this is. like oh, i know i've never done this before. i'm going to hang out with a bunch of guys who wear drag. it's really normal. it's just a tradition at harvard. >> reporter: the hasty pudding is certainly long on tradition. it's the oldest collegiate theater group in the country. founded as a social club in 1795, the group got its name
from a dish served at meetings, a notoriously bland pour ridge of rye meal and mow last he is. to spice things up, the club began to stage theatrical performances. the school was all male at the time and someone had to play the women's roles. among the alums who kicked up their heels newspaper publisher william randolph hearst and president franklin delano roosevelt and john f. kennedy. >> how did everything go at today? >> reporter: actor fred gwynn best known as tv's herman mun must have made a pretty ugly woman at the pudding. jack lemmon, on the other hand, took to it so well he climbed into high heels like an old pro for "some like it hot. ". >> how do they walk in these things? how do they keep their balance. >> reporter: and your humble correspondent, i served as
president of the theatricals and co-authored the 142nd showed "swayed expectations." it's the most fun i've ever had. i even made the front page of the "boston herald" with the pudding's 1989 man of the year robin williams. every year the show honors a man and woman, a cavalcade of stars comes to cambridge to be celebrated, sort of. >> our 2012 woman of the year is claire dane. ( cheers and applause ) >> reporter: earlier this year actress claire dane prove she could play along and received the coveted pudding pot. how will this award affect the price you command per movie? >> i will get 25 gajillin dollars for everyday of work from this point forward. >> reporter: but the play is the thing with a definite
emphasis on play. >> people at harvard are really brilliant and talented but a lot of people take themselves very seriously. these theatricals gives all of us the opportunity to take our work very seriously but by the nature of the show and how silly it is, we're never taking ourselves that seriously. >> reporter: matt, why aren't you in it? >> i would have loved to have been in the cast. i did some acting and singing in high school, but i couldn't because obviously i'm a girl. (laughing). >> these are 3 xl panties here that go underneath. >> reporter: it may not be what they came to harvard for but for some it's as important as the degree they'll leave with. >> i'm going to hold on to this for dear life for as long as i can. i'm going to milk it. i'm going to hate graduating.
>> osgood: as perhaps you've heard britain's prince harry has been traveling through the caribbean and south america, and our seth doane has been tagging along. he filed this sunday journal. >> reporter: in many ways it was a coming of age in front of the cameras. >> you're doing your country proud and you look smart. >> reporter: prince harry's ten-day long tour celebrates his grandmother's 60 years on the throne brought him to the former english colony, belize, the bahamas and jamaica. and then in brazil, he took on the role of celebrity trade
ambassador to boost british- brazilian ties. but put aside the motorcade and the throngs of admirers lining up to get a glimpse, and you'll see a 27-year-old sports fan who just so happens to be third in line to the british throne. he seemed most comfortable dressed down, sweating through beach volleyball in rye owe de janeiro this weekend or in jamaica without a hint of nerves as he prepared to race the world's fastest man. were you ever thinking you'd actually race him for real? >> i think when he actually came and i started talking to him i knew he would do it. most dignitaries are really different. he's really laid back and cool. he's really a fun person. i reallyen joiled the visit. it was wonderful. >> reporter: previously this party boy prince had been better known for his poor judgment. remember that nazi costume?
but in the carefully choreographed world of royal visits, the queen must have known he was ready for his first solo overseas trip to represent the crown. >> i would like to take this opportunity to pay a personal tribute to my grandmother. >> reporter: the prince diligently did all those things you would expect of someone who grew up in castles. he shook hands. comforted the sick. and cut ribbons. and of course laid wreath after wreath to honor the fallen. but it wasn't just pageantry. he appeared to charm the jamaica prime minister who quite vocally vowed to cut her country's ties with the crown. and there were some surprises as bits of his personality peeped out here through a pair of bright blue shoes. or his playful grim as when pulled on to a jamaica dance floor.
evoking the image of his mother, princess diana, the prince seemed to determine to pay attention to those often ignored. his schedule included not just state dinners but a trip to the slums. when you're a prince on a publicity tour there's only so much reality you see. the prince has come here to the heart of rio a slum one of the most notorious but has been the target of a multi-million dollar renovation and it's a thriving marketplace. every move on this trip has been carefully calculated. but in the end the prince has emerged as a charmer and diplomat and seems entirely convincing. >> osgood: still to come, the queen of soul.
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>> osgood: that's aretha, of course. aretha franklin singing her hit "freeway of love." she's been thrilling audiences for more than half a century now and is on the brink of a very big milestone. anthony mason has a conversation with a legend. >> reporter: two weeks from today, aretha franklin will celebrate her 70th birthday. only a year ago, she was sidelined by a mysterious illness, but the queen of soul is on the road again. ♪ higher than i've ever been before ♪ ♪ you make me feel like a natural woman ♪ > she is strikingly slimmer. this is a leaner, meaner aretha. >> queen of mean.
>> reporter: aretha says she's lost 85 pounds, but she hasn't lost her voice. ♪ darling, how long i have waited for you ♪ >> reporter: how is your health? >> my health is wonderful. >> reporter: people were worried about you. >> i was worried. >> reporter: what it was, aretha has never said. but a history of mystery surrounds lady soul. she's always been guarded except when she sings. ♪ freeway >> reporter: at 69, she remains one of the most influential performers in pop history. ♪ you make me feel like a natural woman ♪
>> reporter: rolling stone magazine named her the greatest sing ser of the rock era ♪ find out what it means to me. ♪ > when we visited her in her hometown of detroit, aretha took us to where it all started, the new bethel baptist church. this is your spot. >> this is where i sit when i come to church. this is my seat. don't sit in my seat. >> if you've got your house on a solid rock.... >> reporter: her father, the charismatic rev. c.l.franklin who was pastor here would electrify audiences with his thunderous sermons. >> when you come face to face with temptation.... >> reporter: he'd call his daughter up to the pulpit. >> my dad had to push me to sing though. i really didn't want to sing. >> reporter: aretha was about ten years old. >> i'm standing up on a little box. the pulpit was too high so they put a little box next to the pulpit.
♪ i just thank you for the love you've shown ♪ >> reporter: this is your place. >> yep. this is where we live. >> reporter: we went back to the franklin family home in west detroit. you were saying in the day it was a show place. >> it was definitely a show place. it was the most beautiful home i had ever seen. >> reporter: what was where was your room? >> right there. >> reporter: on the second floor. >> right there. >> reporter: when gospel greats like clara ward would visit the house, the young aretha would watch from the top of the stairs. >> just to see who was coming in and who was going out. peeping through the railing of the staircase. so it was special, yeah. very, very special. >> reporter: who did you like to see most of all?
>> sam. any time, sam. >> reporter: sam is sam cook. then a young gospel singer, 11 years older than aretha. did sam give you singing advice? >> no. i saw sam in other terms. >> reporter: other terms? which means what? you had a crush on him. >> i had a serious crush on him. he had no idea though that i had that kind of crush on him. ♪ darling, you... > in 1961 she toured with cook who had crossed over to become a pop idol. >> when i saw the success that he had, i thought that it might be possible for me too. ♪ somewhere over the rainbow ♪ >> reporter: aretha signed with columbia records and headed to new york.
this is a young you. >> i'm still young. this is my favorite picture of myself. it's really cute. i just love this picture. my hair is so classic. this was the beginning, when i first went to new york. i took modeling classes. >> reporter: what were you supposed to learn? >> i was walking with a book on my head and all of that sort of thing. >> reporter: what were you thinking? >> that this is not me. that's what i was thinking. this is not me. i don't like this book. this is not me. ♪ the moment i wake up > in 1967, lady soul arrived. ♪ i'm saying a little prayer for you ♪ > in two years she scored nine top ten hits. the biggest "respect," a song written by otis reading ♪ what you want, baby, i got ♪ > and r-e-s-p-e-c-t. >> no, he didn't say that. i thought i should spell it
out. ♪ find out what it means to me ♪ >> reporter: in a summer of racial unrest, it became a civil rights anthem. in detroit the rev. martin luther king jr. would present aretha an award in front of 12,000 people. they declared it aretha franklin day. >> they did. but when dr. king walked on the stage, the rafters were shaking. ♪ you better sing about what you're trying to do to me ♪ > aretha wrote her own songs too like "think." ♪ i'm thinking of you > and "day dream" which was inspired by the lead singer of the temptations, dennis edwards. >> i was day dreaming about him, yes. >> reporter: i think he said he made a mistake in not marrying you. >> i said, "you sure did." too late now, buddy. too late.
♪ when i hear him say... >> reporter: from what i read, he said he was kind of intimidated by the whole aretha aura. >> really? >> reporter: do you think you're intimidating? >> i could be. i could be. i've seen that a little bit with some men. but the real men step up to the plate. >> reporter: but then that wall goes up again. how is your love life these days? >> my love life is all right. >> reporter: that's all you're going to say? >> yeah. >> reporter: okay. >> it's okay. ♪ ain't no way for me to love you ♪ >> reporter: this january, aretha announced her engagement to william wilkerson. but by the end of the month she had broken it off. twice divorced and mother to four sons, aretha also shys away from some of the sorrow in her family's life.
her mother, who moved away when she was six, died four years later. in her autobiography aretha wrote i cannot describe the pain nor will i try. in 1979, her father was shot during a burglary in their detroit home. he lingered in a coma for five years before his death. >> when we were trying to get.... >> reporter: aretha asked the city to dedicate a local park to him. she wanted us to see it. but as we approached the park, she was overcome by emotion. are you all right? that still means a lot to you. it took a minute for her to come pose herself. >> beautiful park. >> reporter: it is a beautiful park. i'm glad they dedicated it to him. >> reporter: rev. franklin envisioned a great career for his talented daughter.
but likely even he did not imagine she would live to perform at the inauguration of the first african-american president. ♪ to thee we sing >> that goes down in history. i'm thankful that i was a part of that. >> reporter: aretha made news another way that day. you got a lot of attention for that hat. >> yes. that hat took on a life of its own. >> reporter: it sure did. she is donating it to the obama presidential library. >> i'll go down in history with him. >> reporter: now after a half century of recording and more than 50 albums, the queen of soul is back. to remind us that while she may have given up her hat, she has not surrendered her crown.
experience critical lapses. when that happens, patients suffer. roughly 100,000 deaths a year are due to medical error. in my 20 years of practicing medicine, i've witnessed things that will stay with me forever. i will never forget when one of our most talented neurosurgeons operated on the wrong side of someone's brain. it was an emergency. a young man had fallen and was bleeding internally. everything moved into overdrive. someone hang the cat scan backwards. the surgeon took a quick glance and began the operation. holes were drilledance, bone was removed. only when the outer layer of the brain was opened did the surgeon realize that something terribly wrong had happened. the patient survived. the doctor later confessed to me that he spent hours throwing up after the case. for me, the critical question is how do we as a profession avoid repeating in the future what we've done wrong in the past? learning from mistakes means admitting to them first.
that's never easy for doctors to do. so there's a secretive and hallowed tradition in surgery, a weekly meeting at teaching hospitals across the country. it's a gathering where we openly discuss our errors. i remember a doctor who presented a mistake so reckless and uncaring that i wanted to stand up and throttle him. i didn't have to. one of my colleagues doled out a much more appropriate punishment. he pulled a newspaper out of his pocket and began reading the obituary of the recently deceased patient. she was somebody's mother. she was somebody's daughter. that doctor lost his medical privileges. for two decades i've been keeping notes on these meetings because i've wanted to learn from the mistakes others made. about ten years ago my notes became the basis for a novel that i've just finished called "monday morning." in the book i put my characters where no doctor wants to be. confronting errors. for obvious reasons it's fiction but the issues i take
on are very real. my hope in writing this book is to put medical mistakes under the microscope. i would like to help people understand the challenges and concerns that confront real patients and real medical professionals. our common goal-- patients and doctors alike-- should be to eliminate error. to do so the medical medical protection must be vigilant and the public must be educated. it takes all of us to build a better system. >> osgood: next.... >> letting the people of montana know that jim o'hare is running for governor. >> osgood: see how he runs. welcome to new nutritionpossible.com...
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>> reporter: you can only have one world here. the best of both worlds. >> you can have your solitude and always go to town and have coffee with your neighbors. >> reporter: if one ever moved in, of course. the fact is living here 50 miles outside great falls montana, there's just one thing harder than getting a neighbor for coffee. getting a stranger to vote for you. >> letting the people of montana know that jim o'hara is running for governor. >> reporter: like any campaign it started with a platform. his just started to be plywood. for three years now whenever he hasn't been doing his job as a county commissioner, jim has been putting up campaign billboards at county courthouses. >> how does it look? the courthouses belong to the people. our government belongs to the people. >> reporter: all hand painted in his garage, all different. he made at least one of every county courthouse in the state. then came the hard part. putting them up in that county.
you know, maintain montana is no rhode island. driving across the state to put up a sign or two or three can be a thousand mile round trip road trip. jim has made dozens of such trips. logging well over 20,000 miles which may sound crazy. but he says it's all a regular jim can do nowadays. >> it's become a game for wealthy people. i think there are good leaders that aren't wealthy that can't buy the name recognition. >> reporter: is it really that great to be governor? is it really worth it? >> i hear they have a great big kitchen. >> reporter: this is jim's campaign manager and wife, vicki. >> it's like, hurry up, honey, i want to cook in my kitchen. >> reporter: she thinks her husband is the best man for the job. he certainly has shown the will for it. despite a recent poll that puts him with just 3% in the republican primary. but jim remains confident. and eager to change that tide. without changing himself. >> what if i do win this thing,
how am i going to keep grounded? >> reporter: i wouldn't worry too much. >> about staying grounded, right? >> reporter: that's right. >> osgood: that story from our steve hartman. now to bob schieffer in washington for a look at what's ahead on face the nation. good morning, bob. >> schieffer: good morning, charles. we'll talk to newt gingrich about the latest on the campaign and we'll go to afghanistan for the latest on that awful story there. >> osgood: thank you, bob. we'll be watching. next week here on sunday morning,. >> i can fire 18 rounds in less than five seconds. >> osgood: ready, aim, fire.
>> osgood: i'm charles osgood. please join us again next sunday morning. until then, i'll see you on the radio. and that it put me at 5-times greater risk of a stroke. i was worried. i worried about my wife, and my family. bill has the most common type of atrial fibrillation, or afib. it's not caused by a heart valve problem. he was taking warfarin, but i've put him on pradaxa instead. in a clinical trial, pradaxa 150 mgs reduced stroke risk 35% more than warfarin without the need for regular blood tests. i sure was glad to hear that.
pradaxa can cause serious, sometimes fatal, bleeding. don't take pradaxa if you have abnormal bleeding, and seek immediate medical care for unexpected signs of bleeding, like unusual bruising. pradaxa may increase your bleeding risk if you're 75 or older, have a bleeding condition like stomach ulcers, or take aspirin, nsaids, or bloodthinners, or if you have kidney problems, especially if you take certain medicines. tell your doctor about all medicines you take, any planned medical or dental procedures, and don't stop taking pradaxa without your doctor's approval, as stopping may increase your stroke risk. other side effects include indigestion, stomach pain, upset, or burning. pradaxa is progress. if you have afib not caused by a heart valve problem, ask your doctor if you can reduce your risk of stroke with pradaxa. captioning made possible by johnson & johnson, where quality products for the american family have been a tradition for generations captioned by media access group at wgbh access.wgbh.org